The main component of metal silicon, what is the main component or industrial silicon, its use is as a component of a component of non-ferrous elements. (the Si content of 99.99% is also included in the metal silicon), and the rest are iron, aluminum, calcium, etc.
The classification of metal silicon is usually classified according to the content of three main impurities of iron, aluminum and calcium contained in the metal silicon component. According to the content of iron, aluminum and calcium in metal silicon, metal silicon can be divided into 553, 441, 411, 421, 3303, 3305, 2202, 2502, 1501, 1101 and other different grades.
Industrially, metallic silicon is usually prepared by reducing silica with carbon in an electric furnace. The purity of silicon obtained in this way is 97-98%, which is called metal silicon. It is then melted and recrystallized, and impurities are removed with acid to obtain metallic silicon with a purity of 99.7-99.8%.
The composition of metal silicon is mainly silicon, so it has similar properties to silicon. Silicon has two allotropes, amorphous silicon and crystalline silicon. Amorphous silicon is a gray-black powder that is actually a microcrystal. Crystalline silicon has the crystal structure and semiconductor properties of diamond, with a melting point of 1410°C, a boiling point of 2355°C, a density of 2.32-2.34g/cm3, a Mohs hardness of 7, and a brittleness. Amorphous silicon is chemically active and can burn violently in oxygen. It reacts with non-metals such as halogen, nitrogen and carbon at high temperature, and can also interact with metals such as magnesium, calcium and iron to form silicides. Amorphous silicon is almost insoluble in all inorganic and organic acids including hydrofluoric acid, but is soluble in mixed acids of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid. Concentrated sodium hydroxide solution can dissolve amorphous silicon and release hydrogen. Crystalline silicon is relatively inactive, it does not combine with oxygen even at high temperature, it is not soluble in any inorganic acid and organic acid, but it is soluble in mixed acids of nitric acid and hydrofluoric acid and concentrated sodium hydroxide solution.